Sumatra tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Mongabay

‘Timebomb’: Fires devastate tiger and elephant habitat in Sumatra.

Content

Recent dry-season fires that raged across Indonesia in September and October have taken a toll on forests, even in protected areas. Fires were particularly destructive in southern Sumatra, burning around 8 percent of Sembilang National Park, according to satellite data and local observers.

The fires, along with illegal logging in the area and the conversion of secondary forest and shrub land to oil palm plantations, continue to threaten critically endangered wildlife such as the Sumatran elephant, a subspecies of the Asian elephant, and the Sumatran tiger. Endangered Malay tapir, as well as several common primate species, are also known to inhabit the park area.

Until recently no known elephant populations existed in Sembilang National Park, but a study published in May in the journal Biovalentia: Biological Research uncovered four individual elephants in the park over six days of observation early early 2019.

Commentary

Sad news from Sumatra. Due to many forest fires, provoked by humans, more and more habitat of tigers is lost.

This article gives an insight on how the situation on Sumatra is.

#tiger #tigernews

UN Awards

Original source, credits text and photograph

UN Environment

5 winners take home Environmental Enforcement Awards for service to environmental protection.

Content

Customs, parks and law enforcement officials from China, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, and Singapore have been named recipients of the 2019 Asia Environmental Enforcement Awards. The winners of the Awards are recognized by the United Nations and INTERPOL for their exceptional contribution to fighting transboundary environmental crime.

From taking down a notorious tiger poacher to choking the illegal flow of ozone-depleting substances, this year’s winners have been lauded for their achievements in the categories of collaboration, impact, innovation, integrity, and gender leadership.

“One of the keys to fighting transboundary crime is cooperation,” said Dechen Tsering, UN Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Director for Asia and the Pacific. “By working together, officials from across Asia have been able to make a dent in illegal activity that tears at the foundations of society: our planet. We need guardians like them to put paid to the criminal activity that is harming our home.”

Commentary

The UN is the diplomatic institution of al diplomatic institutions, we all know that.

And once in a while the UN gives awards to people or organisations that did a good job.

But also in this case the UN is diplomatic. By giving it to a selected group of countries – of course the biggest and most influential ones (China, India, Singapore). And to please the smaller countries, one was also received by Laos.

But what about the great work in Bangladesh, i.e. tracking down more than 100 poacher pirates? Or Malaysia, where the government has finally decided to take the necessary steps to save the Malayan tiger from extinction?

Maybe one day….

#tiger #tigernews

Tanjung Simpang

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Antara News

Relocating Sumatran tiger will not solve human-wildlife conflict.

Content

Syamsidar, WWF’s Riau Program spokesman, opined that relocating Sumatran tigers will not resolve the conflicts arising between humans and Sumatran tigers (panthera tigris sumatrae) in Pelangiran Sub-district, Indragiri Hilir District, Riau Province.

Syamsidar stated on Friday that the best way forward would be to keep Sumatran tigers in their original habitat since it was yet not known with certainty on whether they can adapt themselves to new locations.

He pointed to another cause for concern wherein the new locations might also become deforested, degraded, and be encroached upon by people someday.

Commentary

A WWF spokesman says that human-tiger-conflicts on Sumatra cannot be solved by relocting problem tigers.

The only solution will be to stop palm oil plantation to destroy tropical rainforest any further, as well as humans encroaching the protected forests for human activities.

#tiger #tigernews

 

Human tiger conflicts

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Tempo

Activists Want Task Force to Address Humans-Tigers Conflicts.

Content

Activists from the Wildlife Crime Team (WCT) ask the Indonesian government to form a task force that focuses on handling conflicts between men and the Sumatran tigers in Riau Province. This year, there has been an escalation of conflicts.

WCT coordinator Osmantri said in Pekanbaru on October 31, that there are regulations on handling Sumatran tiger conflict with humans, one of them is the Forestry Minister’s Regulation no.P.48/Menhut-II/2008 on the Guidelines for Conflict Management between Humans and Wild Animals.

However, these guidelines have not yet been followed.

Commentary

Indonesian tiger activists want to have a task force to address human tiger conflicts on Sumatra, especially in the Riau provence.

This provence is almost entirely deforested for palm oil. This former tiger habitat is causing continuous problems because remaining tigers are disoriented as they don’t understand that their habitat is now being used to produce palm oil.

We can only support the activists and say again: stop the palm oil expanding.

#tiger #tigernews

Riau tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Jakarta Post

Worker at Riau industrial forest killed in tiger attack.

Content

A worker with PT Riau Indo Agropalma (RIA), Wahyu Kurniadi, is reported to have died following a tiger attack last Thursday in the firm’s plantation area in Tanjung Simpang village of Pelangiran district, Indragiri Hilir regency, Riau.

The 19-year-old victim was suddenly pounced on from behind while he and four coworkers were working on acacias. The tiger mauled Wahyu’s neck and then dragged him into bushes.

Commentary

A tiger killed a plantation worker in Riau.

Riau is known for destroying its natural resources for palm oil. Tigers and other precious wildlife suffer the consequences of shrinking habitat.

The result is that human-tiger-conflicts (HTCs) occur frequently.

We trust that PT Riau Indo Agropalma (RIA)(the palm oil plantation) provides a good pension for the deceased worker.

#tiger #tigernews

The whip for tigers

Original source, credits text and photograph

United Kingdom – Daily Mail

Poachers to get 100 lashes under new endangered animals rules in Indonesia's Aceh province.

Content

Poachers who threaten endangered animals could receive up to 100 lashes under new rules in Indonesia’s Aceh province, which usually reserves whipping for morality crimes under Islamic law.

Public flogging is a common punishment for offences including gambling, drinking alcohol and pre-marital sex in the region, which is the only area in Indonesia to impose religious law. 

But these new rules, adopted last week, mark the first time that crimes against wildlife fall under Aceh’s strict sharia code.

Commentary

Indonesia is introducing new penalties for poaching:

– up to 100 lashes for individuals that are caught for poaching
– up to 60 lashes for civil servants that are negligent in their duties

These lashes are on top of other penalties (prison sentence, fine).

What do you think?

#tiger #tigernews

Palm oil

CONTRIBUTIONS

We publish contributions of committed readers on a regular basis. Contributions show a different light on subjects regarding tigers, in the wild and in captivity. Personal views, opinions and comments are always based on facts.

PARADISE LOST

Palm oil versus the wildlife on Sumatra

By Megan Gardner

It was a dream of mine to visit Mount Leuser National Park on the Indonesian island of Sumatra, after watching a documentary of this beautiful jungle years ago. The only place on earth where tigers, orang-utans, elephants and rhinos live in the same place – but heavily under threat of the palm oil industry. 

I finally made that journey in August 2019. 

I had heard before my departure of the many wildfires burning in Sumatra, fires that were once again destroying the jungle to make way for more palm oil plantations, even though is now illegal after the Indonesian government announced an end to any new palm oil developments.

Palm oil plantations everywhere

But nothing prepared me for the thick choking smoke that overwhelmed us as we stepped outside the international arrivals in Medan. I was gutted. It was true, the forests were on fire. Fortunately the smoke dissipated the further from the airport we drove towards the sprawling city of Medan. 

A few days later we headed out for the jungle of Bukit Lawang, the entry town to the National Park. It wasn’t long after we left the city limits of Medan behind that the landscaped changed from hustle and bustle of city life into rural pastures and colourful villages. That all was nice but soon that changed too into the domineering palm oil plantations that lined both sides of the highway – mile after mile. 

The palm oil plantations featured out our van window all the way to Bukit Lawang. It was a sad reminder of what was once there, lush tropical habitat for the wildlife that called it home. Fortunately the National Park is a wildlife haven and is teeming with all sorts of critters from the biggest centipedes you have ever seen to our orange fuzzy furred cousins the orang-utans. Also living in this pristine jungle is the Sumatran Tiger – extremely endangered – and the Sumatran elephant and rhino. 

While walking around the village of Bukit Lawang we noticed the palm oil plantations encroaching right up to the National Park. We learnt that the fruit sells for 10 cents a kilo and the tree produces fruit after 4 years and will live approximately 25 years, using a ridiculous amount of water and draining the soil of nutrients.

Yet looking around on Sumatra I did not see any wealth: it’s a third world country. Looking at all the palm oil that Indonesia produces (approx 54% of the worlds production – 2017) you have to ask: ‘who is making all the money?’ Certainly not the poor farmers. 

After leaving Bukit Lawang we headed to Lake Toba, which was a long full days drive. For the first three hours we drove through palm oil plantations – again – until they eventually thinned out. We drove through a forested area where we were supposed to have a chance to see a Sumatran Tiger. Needless to say we did not see one.

Nor did we see any other wildlife.

Heading back home: more palm oil plantations

On our last day we headed to the airport. The skinny winding roads made way for a tolled super highway that led straight to the airport. Once again, palm oil plantations lined either side of the road. A road that was most probably paved with the blood of the wildlife, the money made from taxes from the palm oil plantations that stole the wildlife’s home.

It has been weeks now since we left Sumatra and the fires are still burning.

We must all take a stand and boycott any products containing dirty palm oil. If there is no demand then there will be no more destruction. 

CALL FOR ACTION

If you have a story to tell about something that affects the well-being of tigers, in the wild or in captivity, send an e-mail to us.

Cambodia tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

France – Sustainability Times

Tigers Are Doomed If Efforts To Save Them Remain Wanting.

Content

Cambodia’s last wild tiger is dead and he died in captivity. Jasper, as the 21-year-old tiger was called, was rescued as a cub from poachers, who helped drive Indochinese tigers extinct in the Southeast Asian nation within just a few short years.

After being taken from the wild for his own safety in 1998, Jasper spent almost his entire life protected under armed guard in the Phnom Tamao Wildlife Rescue Centre. According to the Wildlife Alliance, a nonprofit that runs the center for rescued animals, Jasper is “believed to be the last remaining Indochinese tiger from Cambodia’s forests.” He died of natural causes in old age.

And so another chapter in the storied life of these magnificent animals has come to an end. And unless conservation efforts are stepped up for the last few hundred tigers in Southeast Asia, where two subspecies have already been driven extinct in living memory (in Bali and Java), the striped predators may well be doomed in the wild everywhere across the region.

Commentary

Overview on the situation of tigers in tiger range countries that shows that the situation is critical in most countries.

Governments must act now or else the world will lose even more tiger subspecies. Like the Sumatran tiger, the Malayan tiger and the Indochinese tiger.

Which governments must act?

Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand and Bangladesh.

The governments of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos are bad examples. They didn’t make tiger conservation a priority: now all tigers have vanished from these countries.

#tiger #tigernews

Aceh dam

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Mongabay

Indonesian Court Cancels Dam Project In Last Stronghold Of Tigers, Rhinos.

Content

A court in Indonesia has annulled a permit allowing the development of a $3 billion hydropower plant in a forest that’s home to critically endangered tigers, rhinos and orangutans.

The court in Banda Aceh, the capital of Aceh province on the northern tip of Sumatra, issued the ruling Aug. 28, in a lawsuit filed in March by the Indonesian Forum for the Environment (Walhi), the country’s biggest green NGO. The respondents in the suit are the Aceh provincial government, which issued the permit, and PT Kamirzu, the Indonesian subsidiary of Hong Kong-based Prosperity International Holding, the recipient of the permit.

Commentary

The Indonesian governments learns a hard lesson: the court overrules a decision to build a power plant in one of the last strongholds of tigers in Indionesia: the Leuser ecosystem.

Justice!

#tiger #tigernews

Kerinci tiger habitat

Original source, credits text and photograph

USA/Indonesia – Mongabay

A Tiger Refuge In Sumatra Gets A Reprieve From Road Building.

Content

The rainforests that once carpeted Indonesia’s Sumatra Island are among the world’s most biodiverse ecosystems, home to iconic species like the Sumatran tiger, rhino and orangutan. They are also among the most imperiled; in just two decades, between 1990 and 2010, Sumatra lost 40 percent of its old-growth forest. The tigers, rhinos and orangutans that roamed those forests are now critically endangered.

Much of the intact forest that remains is protected, at least nominally, in a series of National Parks, and, since 2004, as a UNESCO World Heritage Site known as the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (TRHS).

Commentary

Indonesia has to do so much more to save its top tiger reserve Kerinci Seblat.

This article gives an excellent insight on how a beautiful nature area is being wasted by agriculture, logging, mining and poaching.

Please step up Indonesia!

#tiger #tigernews

Riau tiger HTC

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Anatara News

Forest Fires Drive Sumatran Tiger From Their Habitats

Content

Indonesia, home to the Sumatran tiger, joined celebrations on International Tiger Day, observed on July 25, to raise support for the conservation of tigers.
The Sumatran tiger is the only surviving tiger in the country, and the smallest of the five tiger subspecies in the world. In the 1970s, the number of Sumatran tigers had reached some 1,000, though the figure decreased to 800 by the 1980s. Currently, the population is believed to be between 400 and 600 tigers.

In earlier days, Indonesia was home to three tiger species, including the Bali tiger, which became extinct in 1940, and the Java tiger, declared extinct in the 1980s.
While environmentalists, experts and officials campaigned during Global Tiger Day, still, the few remaining Sumatran tigers have to struggle to survive, as Sumatra Island has been ravaged by hundreds of hotspots, similar to forest fires, since July 2019.

Riau Province on Sumatra Island has been the most affected by forest fires. Wildfires also broke out in the province’s Tesso Nilo, a 81,700-hectare national park, which is a habitat for critically endangered tigers and elephants.

 

Commentary

Indonesian island Sumatra is like the Amazon: in fire because of ruthless industries that prearrange the fires.

Of course palm oil is the biggest threat to habitats of a.o. tigers but loggers do the work. They start the fires after they have picked the best trees. The results: dead animals and animals thrown out of their habitat, being forced to enter human territory.

Now Indonesia is setting up cultural programs to prevent locals using snares. Although this is a problem, it is not the biggest threat.

Indonesia MUST put more emphasis on preventing pre-arranged forest forest.

#tiger #tigernews

Trade hub

Original source, credits text and photograph

India  – Hindustan Times

India Remains Tiger Poaching Hub As South-East Asian Nations Form New Market: Report.

Content

Four out of every 10 tigers killed or poached globally since 2000 were in India with an aim to smuggle the big cat’s body parts to south-east Asian countries such as Indonesia, Vietnam and Thailand, according to a report released on Tuesday at a global convention on protecting flora and fauna in Geneva.

In all, 2,300 tigers have been killed and illegally trafficked since the turn of the century, the report said. Around 40.5% of these were from India, said the report of conservation group, Traffic, looking at 19-years of tiger seizure data from across the globe. The group campaigns to protect endangered animals and help governments catch those who trade in their parts.

Commentary

In numbers of seized tigers or tiger parts India tops the list of countries, being an important trade hub for tigers.

However, because law enforcement in India is quite high and low in countries like China, Myanmar and Thailand the article paints not the whole picture.

Captive tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

United Kingdom – Phys.org

Why Captive Breeding Will Not Save The Wild Tiger.

Content

There are fewer than 4,000 wild tigers in the world. The last sighting of a Javan tiger was in 1976, the Bali tiger disappeared even earlier; two subspecies, gone forever. Tigers have been wiped out in Cambodia, are ‘functionally extinct’ in Vietnam and Lao PDR, and are dangerously close to extinction in China. They have been decimated in Indonesia, with only the Sumatran population of fewer than 400 remaining. Sadly, Myanmar and Malaysia have this year reported significant population declines.

These catastrophic statistics are the result of habitat destruction, diminishing prey species, and poaching and trafficking of tiger parts and products. The latter feeds demand from countries such as China and Vietnam where rising disposable incomes fuel a thriving market for luxury goods, including for exotic animals such as tigers.

Commentary

China is breeding tigers and calls it conservation. They make the world believe that while every insider knows the breeding is about money.

This article is not about that but it tries to explain from other angles why the captive breeding won’t save tigers in the wild.

Tiger skin

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Tempo

Police Nab Tiger Skin Traders In East Java.

Content

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry’s Directorate General of Law Enforcement (Gakkum) section II and the Forestry Police for Java, Bali, Nusa Tenggara arrested a suspect identified as B (31) for allegedly trading tiger skin and dozens of parts of protected animals in East Java, August 7.

“We develop an investigation case from our two operations to examine other networks related to this crime against protected animals,” said Mohammad Nur, the Gakkum head, in a statement, Monday, August 12.

Commentary

Three suspects are arrested on East Java in Indonesia with pieces of fresh tiger skin, three pieces of tiger head skin, nine pieces of tiger head skin in the form of reog (traditional mask), a piece of tiger tail skin, and a piece of tiger skin’s part.

This crime can (and must) lead to a jail sentence of 5 years in Indonesia.

Chevron tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Antara News

Forest Fire Allegedly Drives Tiger Into Chevron Facility.

Content

A wild Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) was captured on camera roaming around the facility of oil firm PT Chevron Pacific Indonesia, Siak District, Wednesday, allegedly fleeing from the forest fire that gutted the region.

“Yes, it has been confirmed that it is a Sumatran tiger. It appeared this morning at 7 a.m. local time,” Head of the Riau Natural Resource Conservation Agency (BBKSDA) Suharyono told ANTARA on the sidelines of the commemoration of National Natural Conservation Day 2019 here on Wednesday.

Commentary

A Sumatran tiger on the run of forest fires due to destroy precious rain forest to creat palm oil industry was seen on a oil facility of Chevron.

The Riau Natural Resource Conservation Agency (BBKSDA) agency has sent a team to rescue the endangered animal.

No news yet about this.

Culture tiger

Original source, credits text and photograph

Indonesia – Antara News

Sumatran Tiger Preservation To Entail Adoption Of Cultural Approach.

Content

The comprehensive adoption of a cultural approach is deemed necessary to preserve some 600 Sumatran tigers (Phanteratigris sumatrae) surviving in the wilderness.

In the olden days, the Sumatran people, such as those in Kerinci, Jambi Province, lived on stilt houses in harmony with faunal species, including tigers, Hizbullah Arief, communication and reporting staff of the Tiger Project of the UNDP Sumatra Tiger Management Unit, noted in Batam on the sidelines of a discussion on Sumatran tiger preservation efforts on Tuesday evening.

The people had applied local wisdom and led a life in harmony with the environment, he pointed out.

Commentary

Article telling about the cultural approach to save tigers in Indonesian Island Sumatra.

The initiators hope that with a changing culture less people get into the forests to use snares.

King George V tiger

In 2006, when the survey was first conducted, India had only 1,411 tigers and since then the population has increased at six per cent per annum, the survey said.

The numbers rose to 1,706 in 2010 and 2,226 in 2014, with India accounting for most of the 3,500 tigers scattered around the world.

India is now ascertained to be home to at least 70 percent of the world’s tigers.

Indian tiger news

The healthy growth in the number of tigers in the wild in India is good news indeed. There are some 2,967 tigers in the wild in India according to the All India Tiger Estimation Report 2018, which the fourth cycle of the Tiger Census.

This is a 33 per cent increase over the 2014 census. With this, India has achieved the target set in 2010 St Petersburg Declaration of doubling tiger population by 2022.

While there is much to celebrate, this moment of India’s success in tiger conservation should not result in complacency. The good news is that the rise in tiger population in India has been possible in large measure due to implementation of tiger landscape conservation plans, identification of important habitat corridors, designation and creation of inviolate critical core and buffer areas for tiger reserves and the identification and declaration of new tiger reserves. There are now 50 tiger reserves across the country.

The gains not withstanding it is possible that India, which is home to more than 60 per cent of the global tiger population, is reaching its maximum capacity to host free-ranging tigers. Experts put the current limit at anywhere between 2500 to 3000 tigers in the wild. Several assessments reveal that some 25 to 35 per cent of the tigers are now living outside the protected reserve areas.

The number of instances of conflict between tigers and human populations from several parts of the country over the last few weeks gives further credence to the idea that perhaps that India is reaching the limits of its capacity to host tigers in the wild. But this need not be the case. Experts say capacity assessments reveal that India could host as many as 10,000 to 15,000 tigers in the wild.

Tiger Heart Jambi Volunteers Community

The Tiger Heart Jambi Volunteers Community and a group of local mural artists staged a protest to save the Sumatran tiger (Panthera tigris sumatrae) at the Berbak and Sembilang National Park in Jambi on Sunday.

The protest was part of a series of events to commemorate World Tiger Day, which falls on July 29. 

Sumatran tiger drawing

The Environment and Forestry Ministry will release two Sumatran tigers into their habitat in Riau Province after it cooperated with the Dharmasraya Sumatra Tigers Rehabilitation Center-ARSARI Djojohadikusumo Foundation (PR-HSD-ARSARI Foundation) to conduct rescue activities.

The Sumatran tigers comprise a female tiger called Bonita and a male tiger named Atan Bintang, the ministry noted in a press statement released on Monday.

Bonita was rescued from a plantation at Tanjung Simpang Village in Indragiri Hilir District on January 3, 2018, while Atan Bintan was rescued from a residential area in Burung Island also in the district on November 18, 2018.

“The conservation of (endangered) animals would be successful if all sides were to work together. The result of PVA (Population Viability Analysis) shows the population of Sumatran tigers in their natural habitat reaches only 603 found in 23 habitat enclaves,” Director General of Natural Resources and Ecosystem Conservation of the Environment and Forestry Ministry Wiratno stated.

95 % tiger

According to the World Wildlife Federation (WWF), there are only 3,900 wild tigers left in the world and since the beginning of the 20th century, 95 per cent of the world’s wild tiger population has disappeared.

July 29 is celebrated as Global Tiger Day or International Tiger Day to raise awareness for tiger conservation every year. It was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.

The goal of Global Tiger Day is to promote a worldwide system for protecting the national habitats of tigers and raise public awareness regarding tiger conservation issues.

Tiger art

The global environmental conservation organization WWF-Indonesia has used an art approach to protect Sumatran tigers, in its collaboration with young rapper Tuan Tigabelas from Sumatra to hold a concert at Mount Pancar in Bogor District, West Java, in the commemoration of Global Tiger Day on July 29.

WWF Indonesia in its statement here on Sunday said it raised the tagline of “Sumatran tigers as the pride of Indonesia” and choose an art and cultural approach to awaken in public the pride toward the iconic species, based on fact that tigers often exist in works of art such as stories, songs, films and paintings.

WWF-Indonesia Partnership Director Ade Swargo Mulyo said the organization has collaborated with Tuan Tigabelas who had long been inspired by tigers in his works, to hold “Concert-vation: Concert and Conservation”.

Baraboo tiger

Circus World tiger trainer Ryan Holder plans to introduce two new members of his family this weekend at his second annual after-hours fundraiser to help protect wild tigers.

Born in a United States zoo, two 8-month-old female tigers have joined the eight other cats in Holder’s ShowMe Tigers “family.”

They will make their public debut during “An Evening with Tigers” Saturday at Baraboo’s circus museum in celebration of Global Tiger Day. Tickets to the event are $50 apiece, with all of the proceeds donated to the International Elephant Foundation for its patrolling activities in Way Kambas National Park in Sumatra, Indonesia, Holder said.

Trapped tiger

Sumatran tiger

CA|TS tiger

Bukit Barisan tiger

Twycross zoo tiger

April area

Freeland tiger screenshot