The Sundarbans plays a motherly role in protecting Bangladesh from natural disasters. The Sundarbans has become essential to our lives for a variety of reasons. The Sundarbans is the largest delta in the world and one of the longest saline wetlands and a very important ecosystem rich in biodiversity. Its area in Bangladesh is 6,017 sq km. There are 334 species of plants and 375 species of wildlife in this forest. There are 35 species of reptiles, 315 species of birds, 42 species of mammals and the world famous Royal Bengal Tiger.
Major reptiles include saltwater crocodile, python, cobra, sea snake, chameleon, tortoise and others. About 30 species of snakes are found in the Sundarbans. In 1997, UNESCO declared the Sundarbans as a World Heritage Site. After the establishment of the Bengal Forest Department, the Sundarbans was declared a protected area under the Forest Act 1865. The forest is located in the Ganges and Brahmaputra delta areas in the southern part of Bangladesh. It is one of the largest tidal mangrove forests in the world.
This forest has gained a reputation as one of the natural forests for her variety of plants and animals. The Sundarbans is considered to be one of the major centres of economic activity. Lots of wood, fuel, honey, beeswax and fish are collected from this forest. The Sundarbans of Bangladesh extends over parts of Khulna, Bagerhat and Satkhira districts. This forestry consists of about 400 interconnected rivers, canals and about 200 small and large islands.
This article was published on The Independent Bangladesh on February 17, 2021.