16 Mangroves

What is a mangrove forest?


One of the most beautiful tiger habitats is in Bangladesh and India. The name is the Sundarbans and its a mangrove mangrove forest. But many people don’t know what a mangrove forest is. This article explains all you need to know.

A mangrove forest is an ecosystem. One that is found along tropical coastlines with brackish or saline waters. The term mangrove refers to any certain shrubs and trees. These primarily belong to the families Rhizophoraceae, Acanthaceae, Aceraceae, and Combrestaceae. They grow in dense thickets along salty marshes, tidal estuaries, and muddy coastlines. They occur worldwide within the tropic and subtropic regions. Roughly between latitudes 25° N and 25° S. It is estimated that mangrove forests cover a total area of 53,200 square miles. The area spread across 118 countries globally. There are about 110 species considered to be mangroves. This is in the sense that they grow in saline swamps. Only a few being from the genus Rhizophora of true mangroves.

Mangrove forests are found in about 118 countries and territories within tropic and subtropic regions worldwide. Approximately 75% of the global mangroves are found in 15 countries with Asia. They are having the highest cover at 42% followed by Africa at 21%. Then Northern, Central America, and the Caribbean covering 15%. Oceania follows at 12%, and South America 11%. In the eastern parts of Australia, some species of mangroves grow far south. Like between latitude 32 and 38 degrees in the Atlantic.

The original article was published by World Atlas on April 20, 2021.