In October 2018, China overturned a 25-year ban on the use of rhinoceros horns and tiger bones in medicine. This surprise overruling came as a shock to the public, because the ban had originally been implemented to counteract extreme poaching practices that were, in part, motivated by the sale of Chinese Traditional Medicine (TCM).
After the decision, doctors approved by the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine were legally allowed to prescribe medicines containing rhino horns and tiger bones to patients – as long as they came from farmed rhinos and tigers.
Both rhino horns and tiger bones have been used in TCM to (supposedly) cure erectile dysfunction (ED). They are also rumoured to cure everything from arthritis to cancer, however there is no scientific backing to corroborate any of these claims.