Madhya Pradesh tigers
Original source, credits text and photograph
Text: India – The Pioneer
Photograph: Tour My India

Tigers In Indian State Madhya Pradesh Need To Wait For New Protective House.

Content

As the rehabilitation and re-settlement issue of 30 villages in the buffer area of the Madhya Pradesh’s Ratapani Wildlife sanctuary — which is all set to be declared as tiger reserve — lingers on, around 12 big royal cats frequently straying out of the 900 sq km of the protected area will have to wait for some more time to get the designated home.

However, the delay has left them vulnerable to human-animal conflict and poaching, which the State is already witnessing. Till this date this year, 23 tigers have died in the State.

Commentary

Due to resistence within the Madhya Pradesh government tigers in this Indian state now already wait for 11 years to get to their new homes.

Nearly 80 tigers were reported dead in the past one and a half years in Madhya Pradesh, which is a strong signal that the government needs to give the thumbs up soon.

Bengal Tiger NTCA

Original source, credits text and photograph

India – The Telegraph (text), Panthera, NTCA, APFD, NNPA, and Aaranyak (photo).

Panel moots Choppers For Namdapha.

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A committee constituted by National Tiger Conservation Authority to review Namdapha tiger reserve in Arunachal Pradesh has mooted the idea of providing choppers to authorities for effective management of the reserve.

The reserve’s management effectiveness evaluation report was released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in New Delhi recently.

“There is a helicopter service between Miao and Vijaynagar. The tiger reserve management should also be provided with helicopters. They should stay in Vijaynagar and protect the tiger reserve from there. This can continue till the Miao-Vijaynagar road is made suitable for vehicles,” the report said. This point was strongly recommended in the report.

Commentary

The NTCA wants to help park management with helicopters until a road that should create more accessability is ready. For the NTCA it is important that there is sufficient communication with forest tribes to get them translocated.

Tiger census

Amid the regular distressing news of tiger deaths due to vehicular accidents and retaliatory killings, the findings of the “Status of Tigers in India-2018” report are heartening. In 2010, the Chinese Year of the Tiger, at the Tiger Summit in Saint Petersburg, India and the other 12 tiger range countries committed to doubling wild tiger numbers by 2022, the next Year of the Tiger. In 2010, the estimated wild tiger population in India was 1706; the latest corresponding figure is 2967, within sight of the target, and well in time. Collectively, the nation needs to celebrate. Since the last estimate of 2266 tigers in 2014, the report shows an impressive 31 per cent increase.

Although the report has its share of unanswered questions as well as grey areas of interpretation, we do not find any obvious discrepancies. Particularly impressive is the scientific rigour and the use of modern techniques of estimation. The methodology is as robust as it can be, using a combination of camera trap images, pug marks, tiger scats as well as habitat mapping. With a survey that covered 3,81,400 km of forested habitats in 20 tiger range states of India involving a foot survey of 5,22,996 km and camera traps deployed at 26,838 locations, one cannot question the robustness of the exercise. Most importantly, a total of 2,461 individual tigers were photo-captured. Thereafter, combining the estimated forest areas, grading them based on prey density and local ecology, the overall tiger population was anywhere between 2,603 to 3,346 with a standard error of approximately 12 per cent.

Striped lion

When the Global Tiger Recovery Program (GTRP) was rolled out in 2010, it announced the exigency and intent in rather dramatic terms.

The programme, endorsed in the St Petersburg Declaration on Tiger Conservation, was billed as the “last best hope for tigers”. Inaction could lead to extinction of the “world’s most magnificent species”, the programme’s executive summary had warned. Nine years into the ambitious programme, designed over the period between 2010 and 2022, the intent appears to have translated to a rise in the number of big cats in India, one of the 13 Tiger Range Countries (TRCs) in the GTRP.

The TRCs’ shared goal of doubling the number of tigers globally by 2022 could still be viewed as unrealistic but conservationists see in these numbers a possibility to optimise ongoing efforts — in restoring a depleted prey base, reviving habitats, building new resources for site-specific strategies and more crucially, in improving protection of forests with minimal conflict.

Y V Jhala, scientist at the Dehradun-based Wildlife Institute of India, sees in the task for 2022 a “good target for politicians” to work toward and feels that the post-2010 thrust has, despite setbacks in some of the TRCs, had impressive returns. The senior scientist is working on the 2018 tiger census, a project that monitors the status of tigers, co-predators, prey and their habitat in India. The report is scheduled to be released by the end of July.

Indigenous people

India’s Supreme Court is set to decide the fate of almost two million forest-dwelling families facing what activists say would be the world’s largest mass eviction in the name of conservation.

At a hearing on Wednesday, the apex court must decide whether to uphold its eviction notice towards all households living in protected forest areas whose claims to the territory under the Forest Rights Act (FRA) have been denied.

Those affected include many members of India’s “adivasi” or indigenous community, rights groups say, whose claims to their ancestral land have been rejected due to a lack of paperwork or flaws in the application system.

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