Tiger Time Out

We Take A Time Out.

Dear Tiger Advocates,

The good news is: in the last 7 months more than 1 million people have read the news we have distributed about tigers. We are proud that our activities to raise awareness on all kinds of tiger issues are supported by so many of you!

The sad news is: we will temporarily stop with the distributing of tiger news.

We are currently working on a groundbreaking tiger conservation project and that consumes all of our time and our attention.

As soon as we can we will resume our activities to raise awareness on tiger issues!

Thank you all for your support.

All the best,

Chris Slappendel
(founder IAT Tiger Platform)


Original source, credits text and photograph

India – India Today

Maharashtra govt refused to pay our fees for eliminating T1 man eating tigress, says Hyderabad based shooter.


A felicitation ceremony was organised at Savarkeda in Yavatmal district of Maharashtra on November 2 to commemorate one year of eliminating the man-eating tigress.

Villagers of 19 villages of Savarkeda tehsil got together and felicitated Nawab Shafaket Ali Khan and his son Asghar Ali Khan.

The father and son were also given a token of appreciation and an amount of Rs 21,000. The villagers thanked the father and son saying there hasn’t been any loss of human life since T1 was eliminated on November 2, 2018. A total of 13 villagers in Yavatmal district’s Pandharkevda division had lost their lives in the T1 Attack.


A small consolation for tiger lovers that are still angry with the whole situation around the killing of Avni.

The killer of tigress Avni doesn’t get paid for killing her as there is no MoU (or a contract).

#tiger #tigernews


The 2nd of November 2018 is a black day in the history of tiger conservation. A six-year-old tigress, mother of two cubs, was killed in Indian state Maharashtra by Asghar Ali Khan, the son of a professional marksman, Nawab Shafath Ali Khan.

Avni was allegedly charged with the killing of 13 humans. The Indian Supreme Court approved the tranquilizing of Avni by the forest department. Apparently the hunting team, with more than 100 people involved, was attacked by Avni – which was supposed to be the reason Avni was shot dead.

The hunting and killing of Avni caused uproar in India and abroad. Mass demonstrations, petitions and online awareness campaigns engaged millions of people, supporting the tigress and her cubs that also had to be removed from the wild.

One year later there are still major doubts about the killing of Avni.


The father of the killer of Avni, Asghar Ali Khan, has been involved in many hunting parties. His presence in the hunting of Avni was highly remarkable. But not only his presence raised eyebrows. The Maharashtra Forest Department claimed that the tigress was killed in self-defense, but the results of the autopsy showed a different pattern:

  • The autopsy report of Avni, officially known as T1, showed that she was not tranquilized at all, despite a dart in her thighs. This fact raised suspicions that Avni was killed deliberately, despite the order of the Supreme Court to tranquilize her, and that the insertion of the dart was a cover-up.
  • The dart was secured to the body with a strap. This is highly remarkable because darts are always removed. It raises suspicion that the strapped dart was placed deliberately to show the world that she was tranquilized.
  • The post-mortem report showed that the impact of the dart was not like the dart was shot from a ‘syringe projector’ or a tranquilizing gun.
  • The post-mortem report also said that the dart (5-millilitres capacity with a 1.5-inch collared needle) was “placed subcutaneously” in Avni’s left thigh.
  • Also the post-mortem showed that there was no haemorrhage observed in the muscles at the darting site showed.
  • Last but not least it showed that the tigress was facing away from the shooter when he pulled the trigger, which indicates she did not attack.

The report also claimed that the death of Avni was due to excessive internal hemorrhage and cardio-respiratory failure, while her stomach and intestines were filled with fluid and gas, indicating she had not been hunting or eating for four to five days.

Strong support

A lot of people felt fooled by the Forest Department of Maharashtra. People went into the streets to demonstrate and Internet campaigns were very successful, reaching and engaging millions of supporters, amongst others with #justice4tigressavni.

Politicians started blaming each other for Avni’s death. Union Minister Maneka Gandhi claimed that Avni could have been saved by capturing her alive through tranquilization. She also demanded with Maharashtra Chief Minister Devendra Fadanvis that Maharashtra forest minister Sudhir Mungantiwar should be removed from his job: “It is nothing but a straight case of crime,” she tweeted with the hash tag #Justice4TigressAvni. In the end nothing happened: nobody took responsibility.

The ones responsible walk free, but not her cubs

Despite the uproar nothing really happened. The politically responsible ones didn’t do a thing and refused to take the blame, leaving lots of people upset.

Her cubs, one male and one female, were the next to capture. The female cub (T1C2) was only captured in December, almost two months after the killing of Avni. She was taken to Pench Tiger Reserve, to be kept in an enclosure, ‘almost like an open forest’. The male cub (T1C1) was never captured, despite intense hunting sessions. The last news is that he is still roaming free, as he should be.

compartment no 665 in the Anji forest in Ralegaon…

Read more at: https://www.mynation.com/news/tigress-avni-female-cub-captured-maharashtra-india-pk6uv0

compartment no 665 in the Anji forest in Ralegaon…

Read more at: https://www.mynation.com/news/tigress-avni-female-cub-captured-maharashtra-india-pk6uv0

compartment no 665 in the Anji forest in Ralegaon…

Read more at: https://www.mynation.com/news/tigress-avni-female-cub-captured-maharashtra-india-pk6uv0

AVNI DAY - the 2nd of November

In remembrance of tigress Avni we announce the 2nd of November be AVNI DAY, a day of peaceful but loud protest.

A protest against corruption, covering-up and lobbying.

A protest for transparency, honesty and justice. For Avni. And for all other tigers (like Ustad, Munna) that have been treated unfair.


Tiger numbers 2019

Tiger Numbers 2019 - Devil In Disguise.


(Rotterdam, The Netherlands) – 25th of September 2019

After praising India for showing great results in tiger conservation, the new number of wild tigers has been revised to 4642, based on available data, said Chris Slappendel, founder of the IATA Tiger News Platform.

The new numbers are compiled from the latest national tiger surveys, IUCN data and realistic estimations from reliable sources. Compared with 2010 – a major moment in tiger history when in St. Petersburg (Russia) countries, NGOs, IGOs committed to doubling the amount of tigers to 6,400 – this new number of wild tigers is a big step forward. The current increase can be attributed to the fast growing tiger population in India. However, the rising numbers distract from what is really happening on ground level.

“Since 2010 we see the same things happening as before. Agriculture (palm oil), mining and encroachment are leading to destruction of tiger habitat. International operating crime syndicates are inducing the Chinese demand for tigers and tiger products, and use tiger farms to deliver the supply while fuelling the demand for tigers in the wild. Unsustainable tourism is expanding with more exploitation of tigers in captivity and more unwanted situations in and around tiger reserves,” said Frederic Geffroy, founder of Planete Tigre, a tiger NGO in France, with almost nine hundred thousand worried followers.

The situation of tigers has worsened if looked beyond the new numbers. Cambodia, Vietnam and Laos failed in executing the plans agreed during the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit, resulting in a situation where tigers are ‘functionally extinct’. Malaysia expects to announce the results of their recent census soon but an estimated number of 200 tigers shows that Malaysia has lost around 60 (!) per cent of its tigers since 2010. Myanmar’s tiger population suffers greatly from domestic instability, with a growing influence of wildlife trade hubs serving mainly Chinese customers, as well as in Laos and Vietnam.

The situation in Sumatra (Indonesia) is a mystery. In 2010 a number of 325 tigers was presented but this appeared to be an estimated guess. Like Malaysia, Indonesia invested heavily in palm oil development in recent years, resulting in an ongoing destruction of tiger habitat. Sources on the ground however indicate that, at this moment, the real number of tigers is closer to 500. So while the situation has worsened, the ‘official’ number of tigers will grow when the results of the next census of Sumatran tigers will be presented.

Even in an apparently successful country like India, things are not what they seem. While the census shows a great success, the reality is that India has the most human-tiger conflicts, the most seized tiger products and the highest poaching numbers of all tiger range countries, according to the recently published report of TRAFFIC, an international watchdog on wildlife crime. The government of India has received also lots of criticism on the methods used with the latest tiger census.

“What we can learn from the last nine years is that not all governments are reliable when it comes to tiger conservation. This needs to change drastically. The world needs a governing vehicle that can step up when things don’t go according to plan, like in Vietnam, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia and Cambodia. The UN seems to be the most logical organization but the UN needs to see tiger conservation as a priority. The World Bank, key-initiator of the St. Petersburg Tiger Summit, left the stage without a decent transfer of its role and commitment. CITES is only interested in regulating the trade and is generally considered as a ‘paper tiger’. Next to the UN there is only one organization that can do it, which is WWF. But unfortunately WWF is under constant questioning and criticism from lots of other NGOs,” says Slappendel who refers to the new numbers as a devil in disguise.

“People who read that the numbers are going up, really think it’s getting better. But it is not. Despite all the help of NGOs, volunteers, law enforcers and all others that work hard to make a better world for tigers. If we want to save tigers, the world needs to do more”, Slappendel concludes.


Now India has released its new tiger numbers, we now can say that the new total number of tigers in the wild has increased to 4642 tigers.

Although we’re extremely thankful with this development, we’re very worried at the same time. The situation of tigers outside of Bhutan, India, Nepal, and Russia is either unknown or just poor, just because governments are not keeping their promises.

The new tiger number of 4,642 is therefore not representing what’s really happening on ground level. We call it a devil in disguise.

We call for much more action, not only from the tiger range countries but from all other countries, international organizations, people and companies – especially the companies that now use a tiger in its brand or marketing without doing anything to save tigers.

#tiger #tigernews

Frederic Geffroy, Planete Tigre

Frederic Geffroy

Founding president of Planete Tigre, a French NGO.

Chris Slappendel

Chris Slappendel

Founder of the IATA Tiger News platform and chairperson of the Wildlife Advocates Foundation, a Dutch NGO.


Original source, credits text and photograph

USA – The Scientist

China’s First Cloned Kitten, Garlic.


Businessman Huang Yu has become the proud pet parent of China’s first cloned cat. 

Devastated by the death of his previous cat, Garlic, Huang sought the services of biotechnology company Sinogene. The Beijing-based firm charged Huang ¥250,000 (about $35,000 US) to generate a clone of his beloved pet, according to the Chinese news outlet The Global Times. The resulting kitten, also named Garlic, was born on July 21 and will stay at the Sinogene lab for another month before being sent home, according to The New York Times.  

“In my heart, Garlic is irreplaceable. Garlic didn’t leave anything for future generations, so I could only choose to clone,” says Huang in an interview with The New York Times.  


Chinese company Sinogene have cloned the first cat to please a wealthy businessman.

With the cruel cloning process China reaches a new low in animal cruelty, which is possible because China does not have any animal cruelty laws.

#tiger #tigernews


Growing Audience IATA Tiger News Platform Proves More And More People Want To Learn More About What Is Happening With Tigers.

Tigers are endangered animals and threatened with extinction. What is happening with them is far beyond imagination. Whenever I have the chance to talk about the causes, I take it. People I talk with just don’t believe it. Sometimes they say it, sometimes I just see it in their eyes.

Since 2012 I collect tiger news from several sources. From NGOs, from the Global Tiger Initiative (although this only lives on in memory nowadays), from governments, from scientists and from newspapers. The collected database is unique in the world and a valuable source of information for NGOs, governments and scientists.

In March of this year I decided to do something with my knowledge and all the news I was getting. After some preparation I started with the distribution of tiger news via a new initiative, which I called: I Am A Tiger Advocate.

The start was terrible. The website was not working properly, the news was not getting to to right people and there was no interaction. But after weeks of testing, adjusting and improving things got better.

Although we are just beginning, we can see that more and more people are engaged and want to learn about what is happening with tigers. After five months more than 670,000 people around the world have seen the news we distribute. We can see that the website gets more visitors and that the social media posts get more engagement.

Not only we are happy with these developments, we also have engaged in some tiger saving activities. Both with tigers in the wild as with tigers in captivity as we also care for tigers that have to spend their lives behind walls in often terrible conditions.

To wrap it up: we are pleased with how things go but our ambitions go much further. We want the whole world to really know what is happening with tigers so the right decisions will be made to save them all.

Thank you all for your ongoing engagement.

Chris Slappendel,
Founder IATA Tiger News Platform


#tiger #tigernews

Avni cub freed

Original source, credits text and photograph

India – Hindustan Times

Avni’s Female Cub To Be Released Into The Wild After Monsoon.


The female cub (T1C2) of tigress Avni, shot dead last year by a hunter who did not have the permission to shoot the big cat blamed for killing 13 people in Maharashtra’s Yavatmal, will be released in the wild in November. The cub will be mature enough by then to take care of herself, state forest department and National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) officials said.

Officials said tiger cubs generally stay with their mothers at least till they are 18 months old and then disperse into the wild in search of new territory. T1C2 was rescued a month after Avni was killed in November 2018 and kept in the Pench Tiger Reserve.


Finally Avni lives on again. Her cub, taken from the wild one month after Avni was illegally killed, will be released in the wild again when she will be around two years old.

Although many questions still are open (what is happening with the idiot that killed Avni, what happened with T1C1 etc), it is great to know that the NTCA has given its approval to release Avni’s (female) cub.

The big question remains: what will be her name?

CHINA tigers

Why China Wants To Kill Tigers - And It Is Not Medicines.

Today a major political wild animal circus starts in Geneva where CITES, an organ of the United Nations, tries to deliver a new agreement of the trade in endangered animals.

The result of the negotiations on tigers of more than 190 countries will be the same as it has always been – as we will find out when CITES presents their results: CITES will put pressure on China to stop with tiger farming and China will find ways to avoid it or plainly not obey.

The big question that nobody is asking, is WHY?

Why is China so opposed to stopping the poaching business and why is China so opposed to stopping the tiger farming? This article will give the only answer possible.


This article was published on the day the CITES-negotiations start in Geneva (Switzerland): the 18th meeting of the Conference of the Parties (CoP).

This CITES-meeting has an agenda. The species ‘tiger’ is not even on the agenda, while other species like leopard, elephant and apes are. And we all know that tigers are threatened with extinction.

The big question for CITES is why tigers are not addressed more prominently on the agenda as it obviously sends out a bad signal. Another question is why CITES keeps allowing China to carry on with tiger farming, while already many years ago CITES urged China to stop.

This article expresses deep concerns about the way China constantly avoids necessary action towards stopping tiger farming, smuggling, poaching and trading of tigers or tiger products.

Tigers are doomed in China, as most people know, especially the ones in conservation and wildlife crime. But many people don’t know why besides pointing a finger to medicines – which is partly right.

4 in 1 – and from 10,000 to almost none

The tiger originates from China, as Chinese scientists like to point out. In Gansu province, the two million-year-old remains of a tiger were found in a town called Longnan, making the Longnan tiger the oldest tiger in the world. But China has – or had – more to offer. A short history lesson shows that China once was blessed with no less than four sub-species of tigers. The Bengal tiger roamed in and near Tibet, the Indochinese one near Laos and Vietnam. The South China tiger only roamed in China and covered the forests in the south and the fourth sub-species – the Siberian or Amur tiger, which the Chinese prefer to name it the North China tiger – roamed in the north of China.

Sjanghai zoo - South China tiger

Sjanghai zoo – South China tiger (source: Wikicommons)

More than 10,000 tigers once roamed the Chinese forests. But not any more, besides a handful of Amur tigers near the Russian-North Korean border and some Bengal tigers in Tibet (which the Chinese consider China).

The rest has been wiped out from China. The South China tiger is officially extinct in the wild, with only a few in zoos and a breeding farm in South Africa.

Chinese culture is not leading to tiger killings

The same history lesson tells us that China has a large cultural history with tigers, which in fact is no different than other countries – like India, Nepal, Thailand or other countries where tigers reside. People tend to believe that the Chinese people had a history of killing tigers but that is not the case – that is, not more than in other countries.

The Chinese people feared the tiger and this fear made the tiger become an important part of the cultural inheritance, which (of course) is different in China compared to other countries.

You might say that the old Chinese culture is not supportive of conserving tigers, but the contrary seems more likely as tigers are worshipped in cultural legends.

Systematic killing of tigers started in the Mao-era

However, the moment that the Chinese started to kill tigers systematically happened only recently – historically seen.

At first the Chinese tiger genocide (a strong word but highly applicable) was fueled by ‘the great leap forward’, the economical program of Mao Zedong, ruler of China from 1949 until 1976. Agriculture was key in his program and tigers – like we also saw within the former Soviet republics – were feared by farmers, which endangered the required economical progress. Most of the four thousand tigers in the south of China were killed because the Chinese government considered them as pests, even offering bonuses to hunters.


The agricultural program of Mao in action during his Great Leap Forward, lead to millions of deaths due to hunger (source: Tombstone]

In a later period Mao was confronted with ‘something’ else: his big plan didn’t work. More and more people got into trouble and without food. Because this subject (the great Chinese Famine) is still a taboo in China, the numbers of people that died between 1955 and 1961 remain unknown. The estimations of people that starved to death in that period, however, go up to as far as 45 million people.

TCM – the start of a brand in folk solutions

Mao needed to do something, being desperate that his plan didn’t work. He realized that there were not enough doctors or medical specialists to deal with all medical problems and created a solution – even one he didn’t even believe in himself. All folk remedies (effective or not) were collected under his command. The result of that collection was another red book: Traditional Chinese Medicines, more commonly known as TCM.

TCM red book

The little red TCM book – Source: Amazon.com

From that moment on wild animals in China were really doomed as wild animals were the main ingredients for TCM.

Something else is important to mention, as this is part of the reason why China is opposing the ending of tiger farming. China has the biggest army in the world. During the ‘Great Chinese Famine’ soldiers were suffering too. Because the army was considered more important than China’s people, the army became a main consumer of available TCM.

TCM as the start of international wildlife crime

When TCM was institutionalized in the fifties by the Chinese authorities all hell broke loose for wild animals. Even the seemingly endless forests of China started to get empty.

The Chinese mafia (or syndicates) started to realize they could make serious money out of wildlife. The demand for wildlife remained strong due to TCM but the supply was getting lower and lower due to the empty forests. In other countries however there was enough wildlife available but it was illegal to hunt abroad, although that didn’t stop people without moral.

World Wildlife Day 2015 Infographic

World Wildlife Day 2015 Infographic – source: African Wildlife Foundation

This was the moment Chinese syndicates stepped into a very profitable activity. The Chinese mafia started to create (illegal) ways to get wild animals from neighboring countries. They started organizing international poaching, smuggling and trafficking wildlife, which basically was the start of the international wildlife crime as it is called today. In 2015 this illegal business was estimated at US$ 23 billion – even going up to more than US$ 40 billion.

Easy money

Why is wildlife crime so interesting? There are two main reasons.

The most important one is the profit-side. The amount of money you can make with wildlife crime is mind-blowing, because the demand is high and the supply is low. Prices are skyrocketing. A panda can get as high as one million US$, a tiger easily to US$ 400,000 – if marketed and distributed wisely, which is easy for the Chinese syndicates.

The costs of poaching are low: a poacher will get a couple of hundred dollars, smugglers the same. Sometimes a bit more. For the syndicates these amounts are considered pocket money because of the prices they can ask for their products – like oils, potions, tiger bone wine (business gifts), amulets, meat (for certain restaurants), skins (for furniture or clothing). Of course we can’t forget the pills because TCM was and still represents a large demand.

TCM products

Credits: unknown.

The other side is risk-avoidance. The risk of wildlife crime was always considered low if you compare it with drugs, human trafficking or weapons. Why? Because the chances of getting caught were like zero and when you were caught, chances of a conviction were also considered zero. Nobody cared in the beginning.

So for the syndicates it was easy money.

Until 1973.

The slow start of CITES

When the world realized that more and more species were getting extinct in countries like China, Myanmar, Laos, Bangladesh, Russia, South and North Korea, Mongolia, Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Nepal and India (almost all neighboring China), it called for action. In 1963 the UN decided to act but it took no less than 10 years (!) before CITES was installed.

First meeting of CITES. Source: sdg.iisd.org

In those 10 years the Chinese syndicates were unattended and were able to go on with the slaughter of wild animals.

CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) is an international agreement between governments. Its aim is to ensure that international trade in specimens of wild animals and plants does not threaten their survival. CITES works by subjecting international trade in specimens of selected species to certain controls. All import, export, re-export and introduction from the sea of species covered by the Convention has to be authorized through a licensing system. Each Party to the Convention must designate one or more Management Authorities in charge of administering that licensing system and one or more Scientific Authorities to advise them on the effects of trade on the status of the species. The species covered by CITES are listed in three Appendices, according to the degree of protection they need.

It took a while before CITES became effective. But when it started in 1973 it actually slowed down the massive killings of wild animals. As a consequence, the mafia responded, putting more pressure in their value chain – with bribing law enforcers, extorting and even killing people that were in the way. They also realized that with that pressure their risks became bigger and bigger. Because of all new regulations, new laws and the growing law enforcement, the Chinese syndicates created other ways of making money. Even an easier one: farming.

Farming tigers as the solution for CITES

In the beginning of the eighties wild animal farming was suddenly introduced in China. The most prominent ones were the bear-bile farming and the tiger farming. Also the term ‘speed breeding’ was introduced: a way to breed animals in a way that female animals are constantly pregnant, delivering as much offspring as possible.

In 1983 China was out of tiger stock. The World Wild Fund for Nature (WWF) and the Wildlife Conservancy Society (WCS) helped China with moving eight purebred tigers from US zoos to the first tiger farm in China. China started breeding tigers, probably at first with conservational reasons, but no one knows for sure. Later another three tigers were delivered.

The tiger farming grew bigger and bigger – without any tiger being released back into the wild (up until today). Estimations now say that China has at least 7,000 tigers on more than 12 farms across China. Other estimations go even up to 15,000 tigers and 20 farms.

Tiger farming Chris Slappendel

Tiger farming in 2013 by Chris Slappendel. Source: National Geographic.

Although the original idea of the tiger farming might have been conservation, the Chinese mafia realized that the farms were the ultimate solution for the growing problems to get tigers from the neighboring forests.

Farming tigers as an extreme moneymaker

To show the extent of tiger farming it is best to look into this example.

One farm of 1000 tigers can easily have a male-female ratio of 30%. So 700 tigers are female of which (low estimated) 70 percent is fertile (if not too young nor too old – which is easy to manage if you are leading a tiger farm). Let’s assume that 500 tigers can produce litters. A litter is on average 2-3 cubs. A tigress can have two litters per year (with speed breeding) so it safe to assume that an average of 2,5 new tigers per year per female tiger is easy doable. In China it won’t be impossible to double this amount with their knowledge and expertise on speed breeding.

This means that a tiger population in a tiger farm can easily double in one year.

In reality reports about tiger farms (in newspaper or from investigators) always give the same numbers of tigers, despite all new births (of which you see countless pictures on the internet). It is therefore safe to assume that the growth of tigers is being used to serve the demand for Chinese customers.

Considering the turnover of one single tiger (US$ 400,000), one single tiger farm of 1000 tigers can bring a profit of 1000 times US$ 400,000. Each year. Regardless of the stock, which represents an equal value.

Four hundred million US$ per 1000 tigers per year can be described as a fantastic moneymaker.

Money makes China wants to kill tigers

With this in mind we can say that money is the only reason why China wants to kill tigers, whether they come from the wild or from captivity.

Most Chinese citizens like tigers and don’t want them dead, surveys confirm that. Chinese medics and doctors warn about the devastating consequences of TCM, like the extinction of wild animals – which they openly do in newspapers and in brochures. The problem however is not with them although all news stories, gossips and rumors often indicate otherwise.

The one and only problem is the Chinese mafia that controls the tiger trade – in both captive and wild tigers.

CITES has become a paper tiger, especially after the WHO acknowledging TCM as an official medicine.

CITES is being considered a ‘paper tiger’ more and more: an organization that has lost its authority and power, as it obviously can’t stop China from tiger farming.

Especially after the decision of the World Health Organization, another UN organ, the position of CITES has weakened. The World Health Assembly, the governing body of the World Health Organization (WHO), in May of this year formally approved the latest version of its influential global compendium, which includes a chapter on traditional medicine for the first time.

Source: Radiichina.com

Meaning: TCM is now an official medicine. The biomedical community says the WHO overlooked the toxicity of some herbal medicine and the lack of evidence it works, while animal rights advocates say it will further endanger animals such as the tiger, pangolin, bear and rhino, whose organs are used in some TCM cures.

For CITES it means a blow in the face as it weakens its position as ‘market master’.

Why are Chinese syndicates allowed to continue?

The main question of all this is never asked.

How is it possible that the Chinese triads are allowed to continue, even after so much pressure from CITES and animal welfare organizations on the Chinese government?

In the article the relation with the Chinese army was mentioned before. One of the tiger farms (in Harbin where at least 1200-1400 tigers are living) was established on a (former) military compound. Besides that, more than a thousand companies – owned by the Chinese army – deal with TCM. Reports of investigative organizations tell that a major demand in tiger products comes from the army, where tigers are considered as elements of power.

Part of the international law enforcement community suspects there the Chinese syndicates have ties with members within the Chinese Communist Party – which would explain a lot of the behavior of the Chinese government. Also suspicions are raised about Chinese leaders being customers of wildlife products themselves.

The lack of transparency and limited possibilities for independent research or investigations make it impossible to get to the bottom of these allegations, another reason to doubt the activities within the Chinese government.

What we also see with CITES and with law enforcement, is that attempts to stop tiger farming or increase investigations into syndicates involved in wildlife crime are consequently obstructed by China.

The coming CITES-meetings in Geneva and forthcoming results will be no different.

How to change this unwanted and extinction prone status quo?

The true challenge is how the world can persuade Chinese leaders like Communist Party Leader Xi Jinping to cut ties with syndicates to stop the worldwide trading, breeding and massacre of endangered animals.

To get him doing something, one has to bear in mind that trading is a Chinese invention. It is crucial to realize that China wants something in return.

What has the world to offer to save its precious wildlife?


A.o. Global Tiger Initiative documents, CNN, Worldbank, Cites.org, EIA-international.org, The Guardian, The New York Times. World Animal Planet, Tombstone (Yang Jisheng), The Making of TCM (Birdie Andrews), Blood Of The Tiger (Judy Mills), Historic distribution and recent loss of tigers in China (Aili KANG c.s.).

Frannie Joseph tiger advocate

Original source, credits text and photograph

Fort Bend Star

Caring For Critters : Sienna Plantation Student Inspiring Others As Animal Advocate.


Fort Bend County resident Frannie Joseph is taking the lead for making the world a safer place for all animals. The 11-year-old is a friend and defender for not only the safe treatment of domesticated animals, but also for wild animals.

She’s organizing lemonade stands and fundraisers for animal advocacy and has her classmates at Sienna Crossing Elementary School, along with other schools across Texas, involved with the campaign.

“I feel if we don’t take care of animals, then who will?” Joseph said.


Wonderul and inspiring news from the USA where 11-year old Frannie Joseph takes a stand for tigers.
She recently testified in front of a Texas Senate committee in support of a Humane Society of the United States-authored bill to prohibit private ownership of dwild animals.
Keep up the good work and keep inspiring all those ignorant adults, dear Frannie!

Myanmar tiger

Hopes for the survival of Myanmar’s endangered tigers have been cautiously raised thanks to the discovery of three cubs over the past five years in a wildlife reserve in Sagaing Region.

In the course of a survey conducted by Wildlife Conservation Society-Myanmar (WCS-Myanmar) over the past five years, photographs of three tiger cubs were snapped by camera traps in the Tamanthi Wildlife Reserve, which lies on the eastern bank of the Chindwin River, across from the town of Tamanthi in Hkamti District of Sagaing Region.

“For around 15 years prior to 2015, the tiger population in Myanmar declined drastically. But fortunately, we have had three tigers born in the past five years,” WCS-Myanmar deputy director U Hla Naing told The Irrawaddy.

1 year old tiger

For the first time, the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) and National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) have included one-year-old tigers to arrive at the national figure. The All India Tiger Estimation (2018-2019) report released on Monday states that of the 2,967 tigers, the two agencies have photo images of 2,461 individuals of over one year of age.

The norm until 2014 was that cubs will not be enumerated as their mortality rate is high. Only sub-adults of over 1.5 years old used to be part of the census.

As per the NTCA, 1-year-old individuals are considered as cubs. Talking to TOI, NTCA member-secretary Anup Kumar Nayak said, “The tigers photo-captured must be above 1.5 years. I will have to check.”

TOI compared the census data released in 2014 and today. In 2014, it was clearly stated that tigers 1.5 and older were taken into account. Latest data shows 1 year and over.

Wildlife experts TOI spoke with feel that there might well be over 2,600 tigers. However, they expressed fears that despite habitat destruction and loss of occupancy by 17,881 sq km as per government data, “the steep rise of estimated 741 tigers from 2014 seems to be an extrapolation and too optimistic to be real”.

Malayan tiger conservation

Policemen including those from the General Operations Force (GOF) and Special Branch roped in to fight poachers, need to be exposed to and equip themselves with conservation knowledge.

Malaysian Nature Society vice-president Vincent Chow said there should be training and simulations involving situations where they came across tigers in the wild.

“Will they shoot if they come across a tiger? Do they know what to do? Knee-jerk reactions could be triggered and we don’t want that to happen. I’m no expert on this (firearms), but this has to be considered,” said Chow, who cited his experience spotting a tiger at a riverbank in a national park.

He said local communities should be more engaged in wildlife conservation as “they are the guardians of nature”.

Hima Das tiger cub

A six-month-old Royal Bengal Tiger was named after the ace runner, Hima Das. Indian sprinter Hima Das has been winning plaudits from all corners with her five back-to-back gold medals in less than a month.

Now in honour of her stunning performance, on World Tiger Day, a six-month-old cub has been named after the ace sprinter. 

A baby Royal Bengal tiger in Karnataka’s Bannerghatta Biological Park has been named in the honour of 2018 Asian Games gold medallist.

The executive director of the state-run zoo, Vanashree Vipin Singh, made the announcement while revealing the zoo’s plans and initiative to celebrate the special occasion. The executive director of the state-run zoo, Vanashree Vipin Singh, made the announcement on Sunday.

T&D tiger
Topeka Zoo tiger

Topeka Zoo Raising Awareness Of Tiger Extinction Around The World For Global Tiger Day.

There are only 400 Sumatran Tigers left around the world, and the Topeka Zoo wants to help raise awareness of their extinction.

For Global Tiger Day, the zoo set up arts, crafts and signs for people who walked by the Sumatran Tiger area. Raising peoples awareness that Sumatrans, as well as other tigers around the world, are in danger. In danger of being hunted, poached and being killed for rugs.

The zoo said while the day was about the tigers, changing our ways of life can help every animal in the world.

Roosevelt zoo tiger

International Tiger Day Events Planned At Zoo.

Roosevelt Park Zoo in Minot will observe International Tiger Day on Monday with special activities from 10 a.m.-2 p.m.

International Tiger day, also called Global Tiger Day, is a celebration to raise awareness for tiger conservation, held annually on July 29.

The Minot zoo’s two Amur tigers (once known as Siberian tigers) are considered an endangered species, according to zoo information. They are one of the largest cats in the world.


Beardsley Zoo celebrates International Tiger Day.

Monday is International Tiger Day, meant to raise awareness about tigers across the globe.A post on the Beardsley Zoo Facebook page cites information from National Geographic showing that, in the last century, tiger numbers fell from 100,000 to 3,200, and they now live in only 7 percent of their historical range.

In honor of the tigers and their plight, the zoo is giving away tiger bookmarks at the front gate Monday, and zoo staff will make a special announcement at noon in front of the tiger habitat. Come see Chang, Reka and Zeka, and learn more about the Amur tiger, and the threats to its survival.

Mysuru zoo tiger

World Tiger Day At Mysuru Zoo Tomorrow.

Mysuru zoo is celebrating World Tiger Day on July 29 and the zoo management has urged visitors to make use of the opportunity to learn facts about the big cat. Attractive information boards with fun facts about tigers will be displayed in front of the tiger enclosure on the premises from 10.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m.


Tiger Day is observed every year to promote a global system of protecting the natural habitats of tigers and to raise awareness and support tiger conservation issues.

Seneca zoo tiger

Seneca Park Zoo Celebrates World Tiger Day.

Seneca Park Zoo hosted World Tiger Day on Saturday to celebrate the largest cat species and raise awareness of the threats tigers face on an everyday basis in nature.

Guests learned all about the largest cat species, including the zoo’s 14-year old female Amur tiger Katya, through a training session and keeper chat, an enrichment demonstration, biofacts, and games.

The zoo hosted interactive stations to teach guests about tiger adaptations that help them thrive in their natural habitat, and the ways people can help save the endangered species.

For a donation to tiger conservation, guests were able to enter drawings to win a one-of-a-kind painting made by Katya, an enrichment item that Katya has enjoyed, or a reusable shopping bag.

Twycross zoo tiger ITD

Celebrate International Tiger Day This Monday 29th At Twycross Zoo.

Twycross Zoo is taking part in their first-ever International Tiger Day on Monday 29th July and is calling families to make a stand for conservation and help raise awareness of these endangered animals.

Not only that, the first 400 children to visit the midlands zoo in stripes will get their hands on a FREE* Tiger toy! (400 to mark less than 400 Sumatran tigers left in the wild).

Earlier this summer the midlands zoo welcomed Sumatran tigers Jahly and Sialang who have taken residence of a brand new purpose-built Sumatran tiger habitat – the biggest in the UK – featuring hot rocks, two pools and a 15m² glass tunnel that visitors can walk through to see tigers from all angles!


Zoo Knoxville Celebrates World Tiger Day.

Zoo Knoxville celebrated World Tiger Day with its Malayan tigers Arya, Bashir and Tanvir.

The zoo hosted several activities with their tigers, including pole climbing and throwing a tasty watermelon into their pool.

Zookeepers with the Asian Trek exhibit said activities like these help simulate the hunting tigers would do in the wild.

Chester zoo tiger

BOOK your TICKETS to come and see us soon!

It’s International Tiger Day on 29 July!

Have you ever wondered what kind of work Chester zoo do with tigers in the wild and what we can do to help them from home?

Drop by our Sumatran tiger habitat where our zoo ranger team will be talking all things tiger with skulls and other interesting artefacts.

There will be various free activities to take part in from 10.30am – 12pm and 3pm – 4.30pm (normal zoo admission applies).

T&D tiger

Snyder County Animal Refuge Ready for International Tiger Day.

A zoo in Snyder County is getting ready to celebrate one of its most popular species.

At T & D’s Cats of the World, lions and tigers are all around.

At the end of this month, the spotlight will be on nine of T & D’s most popular residents: the tigers. The zoo is getting ready to celebrate International Tiger Day.

“It started in 2010 by an organization and now a lot of zoos have adopted it to make awareness about tigers,” explained Jennifer Mattive.

International Tiger Day is July 29. T & D’s Cats of the World is having a celebration on Sunday, July 28.

Leonardi Dicaprio tiger

Leonardo DiCaprio this morning posted an optimistic message applauding Thailand’s wildlife conservation efforts for World Tiger Day.

The Hollywood A-lister, who’s poured money into philanthropic efforts, cited the Thai government’s “long-term” collaboration with the Wildlife Conservation Society for their numbers “roaring back” by 60% at a central wildlife sanctuary.

“As a result, tiger numbers in the sanctuary have risen dramatically, from 41 in 2010-11 to 66 today,” DiCaprio wrote of Uthai Thani province’s Huai Kha Khaeng Wildlife Sanctuary.

White tiger census

Berani tiger

Two beloved zoo animals have been euthanased after suffering health related issues.

Auckland Zoo’s had to say a “very difficult goodbye” to their last Sumatran tiger after it developed a chronic illness.

This morning the zoo announced the 11-year-old tiger Berani (Malay for brave) was euthanased after he began exhibiting signs of discomfort and stress in early January.

“Over the past three to four months, he began to show symptoms of a more serious illness – including loss of appetite, diarrhoea, weight loss, and further changes to his behaviour,” the zoo said.

Ukrainian tiger cub

An Amur tiger cub was born in the zoo of the town of Mykolaiv in the south of Ukraine ahead of International Tiger Day which is celebrated on July 29, according to the press service of the zoo on Monday.

“A couple of Amur tigers Helios and Penelope became the parents to a cub in Mykolaiv Zoo just before the International Tiger Day, which is celebrated annually on July 29. It is still impossible to see the baby, we need to wait a bit as the cub grows up,” read the message of the zoo.

Five Amur tigers live in the zoo in the south of Ukraine counting the newborn cub on July 22.

EU tigers

The EU on Monday launched a €10 million ($11.14 million) project for strengthening government actions to combat wildlife trade in the Greater Mekong, Malaysia and China.

The ‘Partners against Wildlife Crime’ initiative seeks to “disrupt the illicit supply chains of wildlife from source to market in the Greater Mekong Region, Malaysia and China by leveraging civil society partnerships to increase the effectiveness of Government action,” said an EU press release released at a seminar in Hanoi on Monday, the International Tiger Day.

The joint effort the World Conservation Society (WCS) and Pan Nature started in January 2019 and will last until December 2022, the organizers said at the seminar, which was also to review Vietnam’s tiger conservation efforts.

The EU is putting €8 million into the project, while the rest will come from the other partners.



The Union Environment Ministry and the Department of Livestock and Animal Husbandry are exploring a scheme to devise an insurance policy that will compensate people who lose their livestock to tigers.

A day after India declared that it had 2,967 tigers — a 33% jump since the last tiger census in 2014 — officials from several Ministries met on Tuesday to discuss ways to ensure that these gains were not lost.

The growing tiger base, however, has also brought with it challenges of man-animal conflict, with reports of tigers preying on cattle and sometimes mauling humans who live in the vicinity of their habitat. “Currently, there is no policy on compensating people for such cattle lost because tiger reserves are no-go areas, and people and cattle are not supposed to be present. However, in the larger interest of reducing man-animal conflict, we need to think of such measures,” said Siddhantha Das, Director-General (Forests), Union Environment Mministry. He was one of the participants in the meeting.

Tiger Satu

The Houston Zoo’s 18-year-old Malayan tiger died last night.

Satu lived a long life, one that lasted longer than her median life expectancy, which in the wild would have been eight to 12 years, the zoo said.

The carnivore staff and veterinary team made the decision to euthanize Satu on Monday night. The staff members said her quality of life began to decline.

Royal Sundarbans tiger

A crab catcher has been dragged away by a tiger in West Bengal’s Sundarbans, a forest official said on Tuesday.

The incident occurred at South 24 Parganas’ Gosaba on International Tigers’ Day on Monday.

“A tiger dragged away 48-year-old Arjun Mondal by the neck, while he was catching crabs in a creek near Sadakkhali forest with two other friends of Rajatjubuli village,” the official said.

He said that the victim’s friends — Dhruba Mondal and Paritosh Mridha — went after the tiger but could not rescue him.

Maharashtra tigers

Though Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka have more tigers, Maharashtra has nearly doubled its tiger population since 2010, an activist said here on Monday.

As per the 2018 Status of Tigers in India Report released by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on today, Maharashtra has more than 312 tigers of the total 2,967 estimated tiger population in India, bringing cheers to conservationists and activists. The tiger population in Maharashtra has shown a consistent increase in the past 12 years, according to Kishore Rithe of Satpuda Foundation, who is a former member of Standing Committee of National Board for Wildlife.

“In 2006, the state had 103 tigers, it increased to 168 in 2010, climbed to 190 in 2014 and in 2018, the estimate is 312 tigers in the wild or nearly double since 2010,” Rithe told IANS. According to Rithe, the biggest factors credited with the increase in tiger population in Maharashtra is the successful ‘village relocation policy’, zero-tolerance towards poaching and wildlife trade, besides wildlife staff recruitment and placing efficient officers to man the wildlife sanctuaries.

IUCN Cambodia tigers

Six tigers will be brought into Cambodia from India and released into the Srepok Wildlife Sanctuary in Mondulkiri province in 2022, while wildlife protection organisations have urged all stakeholders to raise awareness of the importance of tiger conservation.

Provincial Department of Environment director Keo Sopheak told The Post on Monday that India had agreed to export six tigers and release them into the sanctuary to help restore the species to Cambodia.

According to Wildlife Alliance, the last record of a tiger in Cambodia was in November 2007 in Srepok Wildlife Sanctuary.

Sopheak said: “From 2022 to 2023, if we think that the amount of food available for tigers has sufficiently increased, we will implement the plan and release them here.

Brunon tiger

Witness the awe-inspiring act of Brunon Blaszak’s Royal Tiger Show at this year’s Cattaraugus County Fair through Aug. 4.

Among this year’s free grounds entertainment, the act is part of Blaszak’s “Fang and Claw” tour. The show features Blaszak’s eight magnificent Royal Bengal, Siberian and Sumatran tigers that walk the tight wire and perform choreographed leaping, jumping and dancing.

The act offers performances that are educational, informative and exciting — all with a conservation message. Blaszak said a big part of his show is educating people about tigers. His is not a typical act like people would see at a circus; it’s more informative and educational.

Melaka zoo tiger

The fate of the Malayan tiger hangs in the balance as poaching continues even in the tiger priority site of Belum-Temengor forest reserve, along with the decline in the number of other wildlife that the tiger relies on for food.

In an interview with Bernama, WWF (World Wildlife Fund) Malaysia, Tiger Landscape Lead Dr Mark Rayan Darmaraj said the tiger population in the country today has sadly declined to fewer than 200.

Poaching activities, driven by high demand for the tiger body parts for traditional Chinese medicine and other purposes, have drawn hunters from as far as Vietnam, Thailand and Cambodia into the country.

Siberian tiger

After nearly 20 years of efforts, China has built a monitoring network for endangered Siberian tigers and Amur leopards, covering more than 12,000 square kilometers in the provinces of Jilin and Heilongjiang, an expert said on Sunday.

With cutting-edge technologies such as artificial intelligence and big data, more than 4,000 infrared camera video clips of tigers and more than 600 clips of leopards were recorded by a team led by Jiang Guangshun, deputy director of the Feline Research Center of the Natural Forestry and Grassland Administration.

“By comparing the data of tigers and leopards of China and Russia from 2013 to 2015, we have confirmed that 17 tigers and 42 leopards are shared populations of both China and Russia,” Jiang said at the International Forum on Tiger and Leopard Transboundary Conservation which kicked off on Sunday in Harbin, Heilongjiang province.

Bridgeport tiger

Bridgeport Mayor Joe Ganim announced that the city is pledging $2.5 million to be used for the construction of a new habitat for the Amur tigers at Connecticut’s Beardsley Zoo.

The city’s pledge is the latest input for the tiger habitat fundraising efforts, which kicked off last November with a $1 million pledge by philanthropist Pamela Kochiss Werth. At a ceremony announcing the city’s contribution, the zoo named Ganim an “Official Hero for Tiger Conservation.”

“This is the state’s only zoo,” said Ganim, adding that Connecticut residents “need to know what a great place this is for young people and, as P.T. Barnum said, children of all ages to come and enjoy. It’s a great opportunity to share wildlife and nature.”

Bandhavgarh tiger


India this week announced some amazing news: The country’s wild tiger populations have increased by 30 percent in just the past four years. Buoyed by intense conservation efforts, India is now reportedly home to an estimated 2,967 Bengal tigers (Panthera tigris tigris).

To put this in context, India’s tiger population was estimated at 2,226 in 2016, when the wild population of all tiger subspecies was placed at 3,890. That was a big increase over 2010’s estimate, which placed the world population at just 3,200 after several years of rampant poaching for the animals’ skins and body parts, which are all too often used in traditional Asian medicine.

India credited increased monitoring and stricter wildlife policies for the population increase, which puts the country four years head of its goal to double its wild tiger populations.